2019 British Grand Prix —
Strategy Preview

Valtteri Bottas celebrates pole at the 2019 British Grand Prix

Valtteri Bottas pinched pole from home-crowd favourite Lewis Hamilton by just 0.006 seconds in a tense qualifying battle at the British Grand Prix, but Mercedes didn’t have things all its own way, with Charles Leclerc less than a tenth off pole in his surprisingly quick Ferrari.

That Leclerc could push the Silver Arrows was a surprise for the team as much as it was for the sport in general — Ferrari had spent the fortnight since the Austrian Grand Prix insisting the Silverstone Circuit wouldn’t suit its car and that regular Mercedes-dominated service would be due to resume.

But in reality the historic track — renewed for another five seasons this year — ought to suit the SF90. The high latent downforce of a 2019 F1 car means some of the circuit’s most challenging high-speed corners are effectively straights, swinging the pendulum of performance towards Ferrari’s power unit. The lack of slow-speed corners also neutralises Mercedes’s season-long advantage to some extent.

None of that was enough to completely overcome Mercedes, however, and unfortunately for Ferrari, practice suggested its long-run pace may not redeem its fractionally diminished single-lap performance on Sunday — though there are some significant caveats to be had in any predictions.

The grid

1 Valtteri Bottas 1:25.093
2 Lewis Hamilton 1:25.099
3 Charles Leclerc 1:25.172
4 Max Verstappen 1:25.276
5 Pierre Gasly 1:25.590
6 Sebastian Vettel 1:25.787
7 Daniel Ricciardo 1:26.182
8 Lando Norris 1:26.224
9 Alex Albon 1:26.345
10 Nico Hulkenberg 1:26.386
11 Antonio Giovinazzi 1:26.519
12 Kimi Raikkonen 1:26.546
13 Carlos Sainz 1:26.578
14 Romain Grosjean 1:26.757
15 Sergio Perez 1:26.928
16 Kevin Magnussen 1:26.662
17 Daniil Kvyat 1:26.721
18 Lance Stroll 1:26.762
19 George Russell 1:27.789
20 Robert Kubica 1:28.257

Silverstone Circuit

Circuit statistics

Laps: 52
Distance: 5.891 kilometres
Corners: 18
Lap record: 1:30.621 (Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes, 2017)

Circuit characteristics

Tyre stress: Very high
Lateral load: Very high
Asphalt grip: High
Asphalt abrasion: Medium
Downforce: High

Strategy particulars

Pit lane speed: 80 kilometres per hour
Pit lane time loss: 20 seconds
Fuel loss: 0.4 seconds per 10 kilograms
Estimated tyre delta: C1–0.7 seconds–C2–0.7 to 0.8 seconds–C3

Strategy forecast

Tyre wear is the principal factor in deciding race strategy at this year’s British Grand Prix, with the new Silverstone Circuit surface grippy enough to stave off graining and ambient temperatures cool enough not to create concerns about overheating.

Wear is a neutral erosion of the tread on the tyre — it can’t be recovered, and small variations in pace aren’t enough to ‘manage’ the compound for any extended number of laps beyond their life expectancy.

C3 (5 laps)
Mercedes* 1:31.838
McLaren 1:32.106
Red Bull Racing 1:32.331
Haas 1:32.677
Ferrari* 1:32.706
Toro Rosso 1:32.923
Renault 1:33.256
Racing Point 1:33.589
Alfa Romeo^ 1:33.648
Williams* 1:36.392
*Over three laps

As such, a two-stop race ought to be a certainty, with the soft tyre (C3) unlikely to last more than 15 laps and the medium tyre (C2) no more than 20 laps, at least according to Friday data — more on that below.

The hard tyre (C1) will, as usual, form the spine of most strategies, but no team did any serious race simulation leaving us to divine from the long runs on the soft and medium compounds how the field may fare.

In this regard the picture looks stark, with Mercedes appearing to hold a substantial long-run pace advantage on both the soft and the medium compounds. This, however, comes with a number of caveats.

The first is that the Silverstone Circuit is evolving rapidly owing to its recent resurfacing — indeed this is the first weekend of racing on the new tarmac. The picture generated by Friday running therefore won’t be entirely representative of what the track will likely offer by Sunday, notwithstanding the chance of rain on Saturday night.

Further to that, the track has in some sections been reprofiled to assist with drainage. Corner cambering has changed in some parts, and this caused some teams to experience particularly high wear as their cars slid away from the apex. Ferrari, for example, struggled particularly badly in this regard, with the soft tyre worn down to the canvas over Charles Leclerc’s race simulation.

C2 (6 laps)
Mercedes 1:30.674
Red Bull Racing 1:31.670
Renault 1:32.392
Haas 1:32.509
Ferrari 1:32.571
Toro Rosso 1:32.592
McLaren 1:33.264
Alfa Romeo* 1:33.331
Racing Point 1:34.041
Williams 1:34.464
*Over four laps

This severe wear, however, can be rectified fairly easily with some set-up changes, and the fact Ferrari was so close in qualifying on Saturday after struggling to keep its tyres in good condition over a single lap on Friday suggests the Italian team has cured the worst of this problem. Red Bull Racing had also closed to within less than 0.2 seconds in qualifying.

Worse still for those keen to generate a race projection is that part of Saturday morning practice was lost to a sprinkling of rain, deterring teams from setting many laps, meaning there’s no available data to use to create a more accurate probably picture for the race.

So it’s a step into the unknown for the race. Don’t be surprised if the first part of the race is slow — literally and figuratively — as the drivers attempt to extend their first stints to make a one-stop work, especially those starting on mediums and certainly hards.

A battle may break out if someone — perhaps Sebastian Vettel given his lowly P6 — stops early and triggers a two-stop race. But conservatism is the default position.

Of particular interest will be starting tyre choices. Mercedes (Bottas P1, Hamilton P2) and Red Bull Racing (Max Verstappen P4, Pierre Gasly P5) will start on the medium tyre, while Ferrari (Leclerc P3, Vettel P6) will start on the soft.

Each camp is confident in their respective decisions, but given both tyres have a similar life expectancy, the pace advantage of the soft should be more valuable than the durability of the medium, and if it’s to be a two-stop race, Pirelli rates it as the optimum starting tyre.

Is it enough to make Mercedes vulnerable to Leclerc or Red Bull Racing to Vettel? We’ll find out on Sunday.


  1. Soft to lap 13, soft to lap 26, hard to flag; or
  2. medium to lap 15, soft to lap 28, hard to flag; or
  3. soft to lap 8, soft to lap 19, soft to lap 27, hard to flag.